BEV vs HEV vs PHEV vs FCEV: What’s the Difference?

by Dec 16, 2021Electric cars0 comments

EV is the general term for electric vehicles. While there are various types of EVs, an electric vehicle works depending on its type.

From battery electric vehicles (BEV) to gasoline-reliant plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV). Although all of these EVs use electricity in one way or another, only battery electric vehicles (BEV) are pure EVs.

In this post, we outline the most common types of EVs into four basic categories.

Types of EVs

The familiar terms of today’s EV types are BEV, HEV, PHEV, and FCEV.

Different types of EVs are changed and continuously developed, and to give users and potential users choices.

These various types of EVs are broken down into four basic categories:

Battery Electric Vehicle :

Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV): A Battery Electric Vehicle, also called All-Electric Vehicle (AEV). A BEV uses only electric motors or motors for propulsion. Battery electric vehicles are pure electric vehicles. Electricity is charged by plugging into the electricity grid, and then can be stored in a large battery pack. The batteries provide power to one or more electric motors to run the electric car. BEVs produce no tailpipe emissions. Since they don’t have a traditional internal combustion engine and use no gasoline.

Hybrid Electric Vehicle:

Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV): A HEV is called a standard hybrid or parallel hybrid. Different HEV models exist, while they all have both an internal combustion engine and an electric motor. Most of them start off with the electric motor and then switch to the gas engine. An HEV runs on an electric motor and an internal combustion engine. The internal combustion engine of an HEV generates energy from fuels. While the motor of an HEV gets electricity from batteries. The electric motor of an HEV uses energy from a battery. Then the energy regenerates from braking when slowing the car and charging its battery. HEVs are known for their fuel economy, but it has no charging port that can be recharged from the electricity grid.

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle:

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV): A Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle is as its name suggests, can be plugged into a power outlet or electric vehicle charging station (EVCS) to charge its batteries. PHEVs is a type of hybrid vehicle that has a motor and an internal combustion engine. Therefore, a  PHEV also can use a conventional or an alternative fuel to power the internal combustion engine. This variety tends to have a larger all-electric range than a traditional hybrid. Some PHEVs can travel up to 60 kilometers or more on electric power alone.

Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle:

Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV): Fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV), also known as fuel cell vehicles (FCVs), or Zero Emission vehicles. Fuel cell electric vehicles are different from other electric vehicles. Since FCEVs use fuel cells that generate electricity through a reaction between hydrogen and oxygen. FCEVs run on compressed hydrogen, and the chemical energy of the fuel is converted directly into electric energy.

EV Variations Breakdown At a Glance:

Types of EVs

Learn more about the benefits of buying from Carnex. We believe that all clients deserve to know the good and bad of what they’re buying. Because we wanted to know these when we bought cars. That’s why at, we will proudly display every detail every step of the way. Browse all the best cars, automobile buying tips, auto insurance, young drivers, driving techniques, auto industry trends from Carnex Blog.

Everything You Should Know About Charging Your Electric Vehicle

Everything You Need to Know About Charging Your Electric Vehicle Electric vehicle have changed the way we drive, providing a cleaner and greener...

Should you trade in your car?

Should you trade-in your used vehicle or not? Trade in your car and applying its value to the purchase of a brand new car is that the simplest way...

Best cars for driving through Canadian winters

No matter where you live in Canada, Canadian drivers all have one thing in common: our snowy and icy winter roads. Canadian drivers tend to look for...

How to Buy a New Car: 8 tips to buying a new car in Ontario

Things you need to know for buying a new car in Ontario. If you’re in looking to buy a brand new car recently, you probably have some questions. Do...

9 Important Steps for Buying A Used Car in Ontario

Buying a used car in Ontario in easy 9 steps! Buying a used car can be a great way to get on the road and save money. While the COVID-19 pandemic...

How to Save Thousands by Buying a Used Tesla in Canada: 7 things you need to know

Tesla cars are now facing a heavy material shortage, new orders may take over half a year to be delivered now! Not to mention that the prices for...

Buying a pre-owned Tesla in Canada: How to Save Money

Buying a pre-owned Tesla in Canada: How to Save Money Due to the massive supply chain disruptions, the cost of new cars has increased, EV...

Is leasing a used electric car a good idea in Canada?

Is leasing a used electric car a good idea in Canada? Due to their favorable environmental effects and lower operating costs, electric vehicles have...

A Guide to Buying a Used Car in Canada

Buying used car can be a great way to get on the road and cut some numbers off the price tag of the car that you want. In addition, it will save you...

Who is Carnex?

Carnex is an online EV dealer built for Canadians to buy and sell electric vehicles. Our mission is to provide Canadians with an alternative and transparent way to buy and sell used electric vehicles and to accelerate the transition to a sustainable green future. is Canada’s first e-commerce platform for used Electric Vehicles. Carnex is the leading Online Car Dealership in Ontario, with the company’s headquarters located in Toronto, Ontario.
Carnex is the fastest and cheapest way to buy a car online. We deliver to your door and collect your old car without extra charges. Buy Now-Pay Later Financing is available.

Why buy from Carnex?

Carnex is trusted by over 18 million buyers to find amazing discounts on used EVs and new EVs in their neighbourhood. Carnex specializes in electric vehicles, and we make the effort to make sure your EV purchase from us will be worry-free. Our skilled EV technicians perform a comprehensive diagnostic on all of our electric vehicles at Carnex because your satisfaction is very important to us. will help you find the best EV bargains among the listings across Canada, and we’ll provide you with the vehicle history and comprehensive reviews for each EV.

Why Choose Us

We choose to only sale quality and zero-accident used vehicles. We are so confident in our cars that we will shamelessly show you all the perfections and imperfections of the vehicle – from the Chasis pictures to chipped paint spots.

We also offer a 9-day no question asked return policy and an 100-day in house mechanical warranty to make your purchase risk-free.

Get In Touch

5 + 1 =