Electric Vehicle Depreciation: Do EVs Depreciate Faster?
When considering the purchase of an electric vehicle, it is crucial to carefully weigh the substantial price tag associated with it. Similar to traditional gasoline and diesel cars, EVs are a long-term investment, and it’s important to ensure that you receive good value for your money.
However, it should be noted that EVs are still generally more expensive compared to traditional vehicles. Among EV brands, Tesla stands out as the most popular, and their most affordable model is the Model 3, starting at $54,990 before taxes, which is approximately $10,000 higher than the average price of a gas-powered compact sedan.
As a discerning investor, it is important to assess whether EVs are worth the investment of your hard-earned money. Especially if you are transitioning from a diesel car, it is also pertinent to determine whether the EV you are considering has a good resale value when compared to traditional vehicle types. Concerns regarding the depreciation of electric vehicles still linger, which is why we have put together this article regarding how EVs depreciate. From the basics of EV depreciation to the factors influencing electric vehicle depreciation to whether EVs depreciate faster compared to their gasoline-powered counterparts, we have everything covered.
What is electric vehicle depreciation?
Depreciation is a natural occurrence where the value of assets declines over time, and this holds true for electric vehicles as well. Vehicle depreciation is a natural process influenced by various factors such as age, mileage, condition, market demand, and supply.
While all vehicles experience depreciation, the rate at which they depreciate can vary significantly. As the saying goes, the moment you drive your new car off the lot, its value begins to decrease. EV depreciation refers to the disparity between the initial purchase price of your car and the amount you are offered when selling it as a used electric vehicle. Unlike assets such as land, jewelry, or antiques that tend to appreciate in value over time, cars generally depreciate as they are owned for longer durations.
How fast do EVs depreciate?
Electric vehicles have been subject to studies suggesting a faster depreciation rate compared to gas-powered cars. However, due to the relatively new used EV market, it remains challenging to definitively establish whether EVs depreciate faster or sell for less than traditional vehicles.
The bottom line is that both car types experience a decline in value over time. Electric vehicle depreciation typically begins immediately upon purchase, with the most significant impact occurring within the initial three years of ownership. Reports indicate that EVs can lose up to 52% of their value within three years, while gas-powered cars depreciate by approximately 39.1%. On average, EVs tend to retain about 40% of their original value after three years or 58,000 kilometers, suggesting that EV owners can anticipate up to a 60% decrease in their car’s value within that period.
How does the depreciation of EVs compare with hybrids, gasoline, and diesel?
Historically, diesel cars have been perceived to retain their value better than gasoline cars. The main reason for this is that diesel engines typically have a longer lifespan, are more reliable, and use less fuel. On average, both gasoline and diesel cars tend to experience a depreciation of approximately 60% within three years. However, recent concerns surrounding emissions and the rising popularity of eco-consciousness may impact the future depreciation rates of conventional cars. It is likely that these traditional vehicles will lose value at an accelerated pace.
Hybrid cars, which combine an internal combustion engine with an electric motor, have their own depreciation patterns. On average, both EVs and hybrids experience a depreciation of around 50% of their original value within three years. However, it’s important to consider that hybrid cars have been on the market for a longer time and have established a track record. As a result, some studies suggest that hybrids may have a slightly slower depreciation rate than EVs.
Factors such as market demand, technological advancements, and evolving consumer preferences can all impact the depreciation of both EVs, hybrids, and conventional cars. Ultimately, it’s advisable to consider the specific make and model of the vehicle, as well as the prevailing market conditions, when assessing depreciation rates between EVs and traditional cars.
What factors influence electric vehicle depreciation?
Electric vehicle depreciation is influenced by several factors that are important to consider. Understanding these factors can help individuals make informed decisions when it comes to purchasing and maintaining an electric vehicle.
Mileage & Age
Mileage plays a significant role, as the more miles a car has covered, the lower its value tends to be. This is because higher mileage indicates greater wear and tear on the vehicle. Secondly, age is a key factor affecting depreciation. As time passes, newer and more advanced models are introduced to the market, causing older models to lose value. The rapid pace of innovation in the automotive industry contributes to this trend.
One of the primary concerns regarding EV depreciation is battery degradation. Over time, the capacity of an electric vehicle’s battery may reduce, affecting its range and performance. However, advancements in battery technology have significantly improved in recent years, reducing degradation rates. Moreover, many EV manufacturers offer warranties that cover battery replacements or repairs, mitigating concerns about battery-related depreciation.
Maintenance also plays a crucial role in determining a car’s value. Well-maintained vehicles, including EVs, tend to retain higher value compared to those with inadequate maintenance records. This is particularly important for EV batteries, as proper care and charging practices are vital for maintaining battery health. Regular servicing and avoiding excessive use of DC fast chargers can help preserve the longevity of the battery.
Electric vehicles are at the forefront of technological innovation in the automotive industry. Newer models often come with enhanced features, longer ranges, and improved performance. As technology evolves, older electric car models may experience more significant depreciation due to perceived obsolescence. However, this phenomenon is not exclusive to EVs and can also affect traditional gasoline vehicles.
The reputation of the car’s brand is another significant factor. Established manufacturers with a proven track record of reliability and quality are likely to have vehicles that retain their value better than those from less reputable or unreliable car makers.
Government incentives can also impact EV depreciation; they contribute to the slower depreciation rate of electric vehicles. Various regions worldwide offer tax credits, rebates, and other benefits to promote the adoption of electric cars. These incentives not only reduce the initial purchase price but also positively impact the resale value. Potential buyers are attracted to the cost savings associated with EV ownership, making electric cars more desirable in the car market.
The availability and accessibility of charging infrastructure play a crucial role in the depreciation of electric vehicles. A well-developed charging network reduces range anxiety and enhances the convenience of owning an electric car. As charging infrastructure continues to expand globally, EVs become more appealing to prospective buyers, potentially affecting their depreciation rates positively.
Market Demand and Supply
Market demand and supply dynamics significantly influence vehicle depreciation. The demand for electric cars compared to traditional gas-powered vehicles is still relatively low due to the relatively new nature of this technology. As electric vehicles gain popularity, the demand for used EVs increases. Limited supply, coupled with growing demand, can potentially slow down the depreciation of electric cars or even result in appreciation in certain cases. However, it’s important to note that market conditions can fluctuate, and regional variations may impact the depreciation rates differently.
In addition to these factors, maintaining a clean interior, keeping the vehicle’s body free of scratches, and ensuring that the rims are free from curb damage are also essential in maintaining the value of an electric car. Overall, understanding these factors can help individuals make informed decisions when it comes to purchasing and maintaining an electric vehicle.
Future Outlook for Electric Vehicle Depreciation
As the electric vehicle market continues to evolve, the depreciation rates of EVs are expected to stabilize. Advancements in battery technology, increasing charging infrastructure, and government support for sustainable transportation will likely contribute to reduced depreciation rates. Furthermore, as more consumers recognize the environmental and cost benefits of electric cars, the demand for EVs may continue to rise, potentially influencing their resale values positively. As the electric vehicle market matures and becomes more mainstream, the depreciation of electric cars is expected to align with industry norms.
More from Carnex Blog:
Learn more about the benefits of buying from Carnex. We believe that all clients deserve to know the good and bad of what they’re buying. Because we wanted to know these when we bought cars. That’s why at Carnex.ca, we will proudly display every detail every step of the way. Browse all the best cars, automobile buying tips, auto insurance, young drivers, driving techniques, auto industry trends from Carnex Blog.